March 30, 2016

Photoshop Time-saving Tips

  1. Press Tab to hide the toolbar and palettes. Shift + Tab will hide palettes only.
  2. Use Shift + left click on the blue stripe of the toolbar or on the palettes to move them to the side of the window.
  3. Double click on the upper blue stripe in any palette window to minimize it.
  4. Double click on the gray background to open an existing document, while Shift + double click will open Adobe Bridge.
  5. Tired of the dull gray background? Click the Paint Bucket Tool, then Shift + click on the background, and it will change to the color you chose for your foreground.
  6. To select all layers press Alt + Ctrl + A.
  7. Caps Lock will change your cursor to a sharper cross.
  8. Press F to choose from three different display options, which will allow you to make the workbench larger.
  9. To draw a straight line with a brush or pencil, click once at the beginning of your line, and then Shift + click at the endpoint.
  10. Press and hold Ctrl to change any tool to Move Tool; release to change it back.
  11. Use Ctrl + Alt + click to create a copy of an image and move it with your cursor.
  12. Press and hold Space to change any instrument to Hand Tool; release to change it back.
  13. Use Ctrl + Space + click to zoom in; Alt + Space + click to zoom out.
  14. Press Ctrl and + or  to zoom in or out by percentage points.
  15. Hold Alt with the Eyedropper Tool, and you can take a sample for your background color.
  16. Draw a line with the Measure Tool, then press and hold Alt and draw a second line out from the endpoint of the first one to measure the angle between them.
  17. Press Ctrl + Alt + Z or Ctrl + Shift + Z to undo or redo a number of actions.
  18. Use Alt + Backspace and Ctrl + Backspace to paint the image in the foreground or background color, respectively. Shift + Backspace brings up the Paint Bucket window. Alt + Shift + Backspace or Ctrl + Shift + Backspace will paint your image in the foreground or background color, respectively, while leaving transparent patches as they are.
  19. Holding Alt and Free Transforming with Ctrl + T will transform a copy of the object, while Ctrl + Shift + T will repeat the most recent transformations.
  20. The size of the canvas can be easily increased with the help of Crop Tool — expand it over the canvas borders and press OK.
  21. Pressing Ctrl + J creates a copy of the current layer.
  22. Ctrl + Shift + E collates all visible layers, while Ctrl + Shift + Alt + E collates a copy of all visible layers into one new layer.
  23. Select Marquee Tool and hold Alt to make the starting point the center of a selection.
  24. Use Ctrl + D to undo selection and Ctrl + Shift + D to redo it.
  25. When you create a selection with the Marquee Tool, hold Space to move the field and release to continue selecting.
  26. Pressing Shift and + or  changes the layer blend mode to Normal, Dissolve, Multiply, Screen, or Overlay.
  27. With Brush or any other tool chosen, you can change the layer transparency by pressing a number on the keyboard — press one key, e.g. 4, to change transparency to 40%. To make it more precise, press and hold 7 and then press 2 to get 72% transparency.
  28. To hide all layers except the current one, hold Alt and click the eye icon near the Layer icon on the Layer palette.
  29. A color sample can be taken not only in Photoshop, but outside it as well. Resize the Photoshop window so that you see the image to take a sample from, select the Eyedropper Tool, click inside the Photoshop window, and drag the cursor outside.
  30. Choose a layer, hold Alt, and click on the border between the upper layer and the current one to create Clipping Mask, thus the upper layer will be visible within the lower one, and the lower one will replace the mask.
  31. Click Create new layer on the Layer palette while holding Alt to open the window with new layer settings.
  32. Choose a layer, hold Alt, and click on the Trash Can icon on the Layer palette to delete the selected layer without asking.
  33. File > Automate > Contact Sheet II — this command will create a short preview for each file that is currently opened in Photoshop in a separate document, and sign them.
  34. The settings of Move Tool have the Auto Select Layer option, depending on the place you click.
  35. While working with Move Tool, press Alt + Shift + right click on different image objects on different layers, and you will be able to select all those layers.
  36. Select Grid, drag the upper left corner with the Grid Scales, and the count will start from the place where you released the mouse button. Double click in the upper left corner to reset the starting point to its default position.
  37. Create a path with Pen Tool, and hide/show it with Ctrl + Shift + H.
  38. These are the hotkeys for RGB, CMYK, Indexed color Channels:
    Ctrl+"~" = RGB
    Ctrl+1 = red
    Ctrl+2 = green
    Ctrl+3 = blue
    Ctrl+4 = other path
    Ctrl+9 = other path
    Ctrl+"~" = CMYK
    Ctrl+1 = light green
    Ctrl+2 = pink red
    Ctrl+3 = yellow
    Ctrl+4 = black
    Ctrl+5 = other path
    Ctrl+9 = other path
    Ctrl+1 = Indexed
    Ctrl+2 = other path
    Ctrl+9 = other path
  39. Hold Ctrl and expand the red rectangle in the Navigator palette, thus zooming in on the image.
  40. Hold Alt and click on any step in the History to copy that step.
  41. Press Alt and drag a step from one Action to another to make a copy of this Action.
  42. The Lens Flare filter (Filter > Render > Lens Flare) allows you to set exact coordinates by holding Alt and clicking the Preview window.
  43. Hold Shift + Alt to transform an object proportionally, i.e. from the center outwards.
  44. If you select Move Tool and then want to copy something, press and hold Alt and drag the image. Holding Shift + Alt allows you to easily move along the Gridlines.
  45. If you want to level the horizon or uneven outline after scanning, select Measure Tool, draw a line along your curve of choice, then go to Image> Rotate Canvas> Arbitrary. Photoshop will set the angle by itself, and you just need to press OK to correct the image.
  46. When drawing in Illustrator, copy and paste your image in Photoshop, and it will ask you whether you want to save it in pixel or Shape format.
  47. Press Ctrl + R to show the Rules panel.
  48. To center the image precisely, press Ctrl + A, Ctrl + X, Ctrl + V.
  49. Pressing Ctrl + E blends the current layer with the one below it.
  50. Select Brush Tool and change the brush diameter by pressing [ and ].
  51. Double click on the Zoom Tool to return the level of zoom to 100%, while double clicking Hand Tool will expand the image to fit the screen.
  52. When working with a text, press Ctrl + H to hide the selection of symbols that are already selected.
  53. If you have some symbols selected, click in the Choose Font Type window and use keyboard arrows to choose your font type.
  54. Using Alt + left or right arrow changes the symbol spacing by 10, while Ctrl + Alt + left or right arrow changes it by 100.
  55. Using Ctrl + Alt + T creates a copy of the object you want to transform.
  56. Using Ctrl + Alt + up, down, left, or right arrow copies the current layer and moves it by 1 px.
  57. Change your active layer by pressing Alt + [ or ].
  58. Move the active layer up or down using Ctrl + [ or ].
  59. Press Ctrl + to hide Gridlines.
  60. Ctrl + [+] zooms the image in, while Ctrl + [-] zooms it out.
  61. Ctrl + Alt + [+] increases the size of the window and zooms it in, and Ctrl + Alt + [-] reduces and zooms out.
  62. When using the Polygonal Lasso Tool, press Backspace to undo the most recent step.
  63. Press X to exchange the background and the foreground colors.
  64. Press D to reset the foreground and the background colors to the default values of black and white.
  65. Press F5 to show the Brushes settings palette.
  66. Press F7 to show the Layers palette.
  67. Use Ctrl + left click on the Layer icon in the Layer palette to select the layer contents.
  68. To see the contents of the layer mask, hold Alt and left click on it.
  69. Alt + left click on the Create Layer Mask icon creates a black mask.
  70. When using Polygonal Lasso Tool, hold Shift to draw straight lines with a 45 degree angle tick.
  71. Press Ctrl + G to group the selected layers and organize your work neatly.
  72. Press Ctrl + Shift + N and create a new file with a dialog window pop-up, while pressing Ctrl + Shift + Alt + N will create a new layer in the file you are working with.
  73. The [ and ] keys reduce or increase the Brush size, respectively; Shift + [ or ] change its hardness.
  74. Press Alt to transform Burning Tool into Dodge Tool, and vice versa.
  75. Stamp Tool clones patches of an image (Alt+click to define the patch to clone). This also works even when you have several images opened in Photoshop, or you can clone any selections from any other images — just place them where you can see them on the screen.
  76. Use Ctrl+click on the Layer icon to create object selection in this layer. If you need to select more than one object in several layers, hold down Shift as well.
  77. To blend all the palettes into one, drag the tag of any tab to other palettes and tags, and it will move where you show it.
  78. Pressing Enter while working with the text will create a new line, and Ctrl + Enter or Enter on the digital keyboard will end writing.
  79. You can place a layer on any other open image in Photoshop — this is how a layer copy is created. Hold Shift while dragging to center the layer contents.
  80. Create a new 500×500 px Photoshop file, create a new layer, select Brush Tool with a standard round brush of any diameter, and put a dot in the upper middle part of the image (like the 12 position on a clock). Press Ctrl + Alt + T to create a copy of the dot, which will allow you to transform it. Drag the Pivot Point, the dot in the center of the transformed object, and put it right into the center of the image, then write an angle of 30 degrees and press OK. And now for the magic! Press Ctrl + Shift + Alt + T ten times, and you’ll see it!
  81. You can choose any layer with Move Tool by clicking the necessary part of an object while holding down Ctrl.
  82. Add yet another layer to a layer group by holding Ctrl + Shift and clicking a part of the object located on another layer.
  83. You can delete several layers at once by simply dragging a group of layers to the Trash Can icon in the Layer palette.
  84. Delete the current layer by holding Alt and pressing L three times.
  85. Having applied a filter, you can lighten it up with Fade by pressing Shift + Ctrl + F.
  86. Hold Alt and drag a layer mask to another layer to copy the mask.
  87. A vertical Gridline can be easily transformed into a horizontal one, and vice versa, by selecting Move Tool, holding Alt, and left clicking the Gridline.
  88. When you use Save for Web, your document information is lost. To preserve it, use Save As.

Source: Bright Side

January 18, 2016

How Ink Is Made

How Ink Is Made by The Printing Ink Company

"A Chief Ink Maker shows how colour and ink is created from the raw ingredients-powder, varnish, and passion. Everything designers and printers need to know about the process, the challenges and joy of ink making."

October 6, 2015

Design Dictionary

  • Alignment. This dictates how images, texts, and shapes are arranged and positioned. It is usually defined by setting it as left aligned, right aligned, centered, or justified.
  • Bleed. The bleed is the part of the page that gets trimmed off once the image is printed. In case there are important aspects that are part of the page’s bleed, then the document should be printed on a larger sheet of paper and trimmed down from there.
  • Camera Ready. When a document is declared to be camera ready, this means that it is ready for reproduction and could now be printed out or sent to the printers.
  • CMYK. CMYK stands for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Key (black). These are the basic colors used for documents being sent to the printers (newspapers, magazines, flyers, etc.). On a traditional press, the first three colors are aligned or ‘keyed’ to the black plate, which explains why black is also called Key. If there is a need for a fifth color to be added, these are created as separate plates.
  • Crop Marks. These are often seen on the outside of printed pieces. They are guides used as each piece is cut to its final size.
  • Die Cut. Die cuts are used to print documents that require unconventional shapes. It is a metal ruler that can cut shapes on different kinds of materials.
  • DPI. DPI stands for dots per inch, an acronym used to measure resolution. Based on the name itself, this measures how many dots there are for every inch of printed space. As you increase the number of dots, the image quality improves. For images to be printed, 300 DPI is usually the standard resolution.
  • Export. This means that you are saving the file in a format that can be used by a different program. The Export function often allows you to open the file in computers that do not have the same design software that you do.
  • Font. A font is an element of typography that dictates the style and size of displayable text characters under a typeface.
  • GIF. A common format used for images, it can either be static or animated.
  • Grids. Grids are a series of horizontal and vertical lines that intersect and allow a designer to add structure and organize content. It helps to balance and lay out the entire composition.
  • Gutter. The gutter is the space created when a book or magazine is bound. It is the blank space between two pages facing each other.
  • JPEG. This is short for Joint Photographic Experts Group. One of the most common image formats used, it is best used for images that contain gradients.
  • Kerning. Kerning is the spacing between characters to make the pairing of every two letters more balanced. For example, if an A and a V were placed beside each other, the top left corner of the V will often be aligned with the bottom right corner of A so that the text, as a whole, appears more balanced.
  • Layers. Layers are tools within design software that separate tiers of information, shapes, and images from each other. They allow effective organization and editing of the design work done on the specific software used.
  • Leading. Leading is the vertical space that sets each line of type apart. As a general rule, the leading used should be 1.25 to 1.5 times bigger than the font size to make lines of text easier to read.
  • Logo Design. Logo design is the process of creating a visual identity that represents a company, brand, or individual. It is important to understand what logo design really entails because many people interchange the terms "logo design" and "branding". Logo design is actually just a single process that contributes to the more complex realm that is brand development.
  • Measure. Measure is used to define the width of a text block. This is important if you want to give the audience an optimal reading or viewing experience.
  • Negative Space. This is the amount of space around the shapes and words used in a design piece.
  • Orphan. This is a term used to describe a group of words or a short line towards the end or at the beginning of a paragraph. These can create an unwanted focal point as they become isolated from the rest of the content. While an orphan is a lonely word at the end of a paragraph, a widow is a short phrase or word that lies at beginning or end of a column. The result is similar: orphans create too much white space between paragraphs, while widows make sentences within paragraphs seem disjointed.
  • Pantone System. This is a color matching system used in the printing industry. It uses the number system created by Pantone to effectively identify the colors used.
  • PDF. Short for Portable Document Format, it is a popular format used for documents that are being sent for printing.
  • Pica. It is a unit of measurement used in typesetting. One pica is 1/6th of an inch. It is a measure used by different design software such as InDesign.
  • Pixel. A pixel is the smallest element on a single raster image. Each image is made up of small pixels that, when grouped together, form vivid objects in the eyes of the viewer.
  • PNG. This file format is short for Portable Network Graphics. It is great for web design, and supports transparency around images.
  • PPI. Another measure for resolution, PPI stands for Pixels Per Inch. Using the same concept as the one used in DPI, the more pixels for every inch, the more detailed the images are. The standard is 72 PPI for digital images.
  • Proof. This refers to a copy or preview of what your design will look like. Another term used for this is ‘mockup’. A proof is often printed out or sent to a client so that they can review the material before having it printed.
  • PSD. A format used for files that come directly from Adobe Photoshop.
  • Raster Images. Raster images are also known as bitmap images. They are made up of thousands of pixels that dictate each image’s form and color. The best example of a raster image is a regular photo, and the most common tool used to edit a raster image is Adobe Photoshop.
  • RGB. This stands for red, green, and blue, and is a color mode used to display vibrant images on screen. Designing for print often requires switching to CMYK color mode (described above). Failing to work in the right color mode will result in "automatic" conversions, leading to loss of quality and fidelity.
  • Sans Serif. A common typeface style where letters don't have small lines (serifs) at the ends of each character. Some popular examples are Helvetica and Gotham.
  • Slug. A slug is an optional space that a designer adds to a document to display information that won't be part of the final product. It often contains copyrights, notes, or other information that is part of the proofing process.
  • Tracking. Tracking is similar to kerning, but tracking applies an even amount of space between characters.
  • Typeface. A typeface is the entire design set for a group of fonts. These often come in families that contain similar attributes.
  • Typography. Typography is one of the basic fundamentals of graphic design and allows the designer to arrange the type used on any composition.
  • Vector Images. Instead of having pixels like the ones used in raster images, vector images use points that have X and Y coordinates. The points are then connected to form shapes, and colors are applied within each shape that is formed. Vectors can be resized endlessly without quality loss. A popular tool to create these vector images is Adobe Illustrator.

Although there are already a lot of terms on this list, know that there is much more out there that you'll eventually have to learn. Work on understanding these terms and knowing where and how to use them. Try to read about emerging terms and tools that affect your industry. An exciting design career awaits!

source: creativemarket